Friday, June 29, 2012

Mini all that remains of deal that almost sunk BMW



Posted Jun 28th 2012 6:01PM



When BMW acquired Mg Rover in 1994, the focus of the deal was the Rover and Land Rover brands. Eighteen years later, and ten years in the U.S., Mini, for now, is the only piece left from that deal and the only piece some key executives at BMW wanted in the first place.

The idea was for the storied Munich-based automaker to acquire Rover and turn it into a stronger mass-market brand in Europe, and introduce it to the U.S. This would allow BMW to concentrate in the luxe end of the business. Land Rover was to be BMW's foray into SUVs because the thinking then was that BMW could not spawn SUVs under its own brand. That was before the X5 was on the road and proving those naysayers wrong.

Mini was garnish in the deal. There were a few BMW execs who believed it could be revived under BMW's crack product development team. "Really, all I wanted out of that deal was Mini, because I thought it was a perfect compliment to BMW," said Wolfgang Reitzle, Technical Director at BMW when the deal was done. "But there was no way we could get Mini without taking the other big problems," Reitzle said in interviews for AOL Autos editor-in-chief David Kiley's 2004 book: Driven: Inside BMW, The Most Admired Car Company in the World.

Mini remains a fixture at BMW, selling in excess of 57,000 vehicles last year in the U.S. and many more worldwide.
BMW lost billions trying to fix Rover and Land Rover before jettisoning them in 1999. The ill-conceived acquisition roiled the culture of BMW and eventually cost chairman Bernd Pischetsrieder and Reitzle their jobs.

Rover was given away to a British private equity firm to wind down. Land Rover was eventually sold to Ford, and is now owned by Indian automaker Tata. Mini remains a fixture at BMW, selling in excess of 57,000 vehicles last year in the U.S. and many more worldwide. Mini (It's actually MINI officially, having gone to all capitol letters under BMW), has pretty much maxed out its Oxford, England capacity for now, and builds the Countryman crossover in Austria.

BMW also acquired the rights to the Riley, Triumph and Austin-Healey brands in the deal. There is chatter that BMW may do something with the Triumph name and maybe even Riley. When then-chairman Pischetsrieder asked then-Ford Europe chief Sir Nick Scheele what he thought of the potential of those three brands before inking the deal, the former Ford exec responded, "Frankly, I would give a tuppance for the lot of them." BMW proved them wrong on Mini, so maybe there is life in Triumph and Riley too.

This month AOL Autos, our sister website, is giving away a 2012 MINI Countryman. All you need to do is "Like" AOL Autos on Facebook and fill out a quick questionnaire (click here to enter). Jeff Sabatini assembled a gallery to take you through Mini's beginnings some fifty years ago to the lineup the company presents today, which you can check out here if you need more motivation to enter.





































Call us:








Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615








or visit our dealership:





9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016









CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information



Thursday, June 28, 2012

A Brief History of Audi’s Top Performance Models

June 22, 2012 at 6:24pm by Jens Meiners

Audi RS2 Avant
On the occasion of our first drive of the new Audi RS4 Avant, we take a look back on Audi’s RS range and how it has developed. RS, as you may know, stands for Rennsport, German for “racing sport”; these two letters have been the domain of Audi’s Quattro GmbH since the first RS4. Here are the cars they’ve been applied to, and a look at what’s next.
Audi RS2 Avant (B4, 1994)
The RS2 Avant (pictured above) was a crazy variation of the Audi 80–based S2, which itself was offered first as a coupe with subsequent sedan and Avant derivatives. The RS wagon was co-developed with Porsche and actually equipped with the 993-generation 911′s turn signals, fog lights, wheels, and exterior mirrors; the taillights were connected with a horizontal bar for a look reminiscent of the 993’s rear. Power came from an extremely high-output version of Audi’s turbocharged 2.2-liter straight-five making 315 hp hooked to a six-speed manual. The RS2 Avant reached an ungoverned 163 mph, thus breaking the German industry’s voluntary agreement to govern top speeds at 155 mph. But the agreement didn’t apply to Porsche, so it could be argued that it only partly applied to the RS2. Audi built a handful of RS2 sedans, but only the Avant was officially offered for sale.
Audi RS4 Avant B5
Audi RS4 Avant (B5, 2000)
When Audi changed the name of its mid-size series from 80 to A4, the S and RS derivatives followed suit, thus the successor of the RS2 Avant became the RS4 Avant. Power came from a 380-hp, twin-turbocharged 2.7-liter V-6 based on the S4 engine and tuned by Cosworth; the power increase was not easy to achieve because of the additional cooling needed. Aside from the engine work, this was Audi’s own project; no more Porsche involvement here. The look was extreme, with a wider body. Aluminum mirror caps, now a trademark of S and RS cars, made their first appearance here. Top speed was governed at 155 mph; a six-speed manual was the only transmission offered.
Audi RS6 sedan C5
Audi RS6 Sedan/Avant (C5, 2002)
Audi took the RS concept one step further and launched the A6-based RS6 sedan and Avant. The body was widened, the aluminum mirror caps present again, and the exhaust set the style for RS models to come: two large oval pipes, one on either side of the rear fascia. While the Avant became especially popular, the sedan was even more striking—its wide fenders went well with the unusual notchback profile. Power came from a twin-turbocharged 4.2-liter V-8 good for 450 hp, channeled to the wheels through a five-speed automatic; top speed was a governed 155 mph. Late in the cycle, an RS6 plus Avant became available, with 480 hp and a raised speed limiter that enabled drivers to reach 174 mph. Goodbye again, “voluntary agreement.” The first RS6 was loud and aggressive, providing inspiration for the upcoming C7 RS6: Audi engineers say the next car will become “more like the C5 again.”
Audi RS4 sedan B7
Audi RS4 Sedan/Avant/Cabriolet (B7, 2006)
Audi’s Quattro GmbH skipped the B6-generation A4 altogether, but created an RS4 based on the B7, which was not much more than a big face lift of the B6. The strategy also changed: This was the first RS model not to be turbocharged. Doing so helped Audi eliminate the extreme warranty cost incurred by customers who modified their turbos. And—much more important—this marvel of an engine, a 4.2-liter V-8 developed by Wolfgang Hatz, showed BMW that it didn’t have a monopoly on high-revving engines. A six-speed manual transmission continued as the only transmission. Another change of strategy: Audi now wanted to change the perception that RS models were chiefly Avant station wagons. Hence, the 155-mph B7 RS4 was launched first as a sedan; the Avant and a cabriolet followed later. The wider body looked best on the sedan, which also sported a unique trunklid with a large integrated spoiler.
Audi RS6 C6 sedan
Audi RS6 Sedan/Avant (C6, 2008)
In an attempt to outdo what it achieved with the C5 RS6, Audi went right over the top with the C6 version: The twin-turbocharged 4.2-liter V-8 made room for a twin-turbocharged V-10 that produced an almost incredible 580 hp. Power was sent through a six-speed automatic. Top speed was again governed at 155 mph, but a raised governor (174 mph) became a regular option. A briefly available RS6 plus was governed at 188 mph, which means it could break the psychologically important 300-kph barrier. This RS6 was wider than its A6 contemporary; it also was the first Audi RS without fog lights, thus conforming to an industry trend initiated by BMW’s M GmbH. Some questioned whether this RS6 was still a true RS—it was refined, a lot more civilized than its predecessor, and also a bit heavier in the front than maybe it should have been. It was the long-distance cruiser of the RS portfolio, offered as a sedan and as the Avant. It only recently went out of production.
2012 Audi TT RS (U.S.-spec)
Audi TT RS Coupe/Roadster (8J, 2009)
The TT RS was a blatant attack on the Porsche Cayman; it’s a variation of the Golf-based TT powered by a Mexican-built 2.5-liter inline-five EA113 engine (known as “Iron Gustav” in base trim). After the Quattro GmbH treatment, it’s almost unrecognizable: A single large turbocharger boosts power to 360 hp in U.S. trim. Top speed is either 155 or 174 mph, both governed. A six-speed manual transmission is the only transmission offered in the States, while Europe gets the DQ500 seven-speed “wet” dual-clutch transmission with launch control—we hit 60 in 3.6 seconds with a Euro-spec model so equipped. Coupe and roadster models are offered; the big wing can be substituted for the regular TT’s motorized spoiler at customers’ behest. The TT RS is surprisingly economical, extraordinarily fast, but not exactly comfortable. At mid-range, a booming sound fills the cabin—but it’s one you’ll be happy to put up with.
2011 Audi RS5
Audi RS5 (8T, 2010)
The RS5 launched with an evolution of the previous RS4′s naturally aspirated 4.2-liter V-8 engine, boosted to 450 hp. It’s available—to the dismay of purists worldwide—only with a seven-speed dual-clutch automatic. The RS5 was launched just before the A5′s face lift, and in order to keep early customers happy, only the headlights and taillights have been changed, while the other RS-specific details remained untouched. (The post-face-lift car will soon arrive in the U.S.) Governors of 155 or 174 mph are available here, too. The RS treatment transforms the nice and comfortable A5/S5 into an ultra-fast sports car. The next RS5 is sure to be turbocharged, but this one still has a few years of life in it.
2011 Audi RS3 Sportback
Audi RS3 (8P, 2010)
We hear this was a quick-and-dirty assignment, one that met with outgoing Audi R&D chief Michael Dick’s immediate approval and that was rushed into production to become available before the next-gen A3 would render it obsolete. The 2.5-liter, single-turbo inline-five was taken directly from the TT RS, as was the DQ500 seven-speed dual-clutch automatic. In its class, the RS3 is without peer with its 340-hp engine—at until the Mercedes-Benz A45 AMG potentially changes the game. Top speed is a governed 155 mph. There was not enough time to also develop it with a manual transmission, or to change the exhaust pipes to match the typical RS look. But we’re not complaining.
2013 Audi RS4 Avant
Audi RS4 Avant (B8, 2012)
Just launched, the new Audi RS4 reverts to the typical station-wagon format. Looks like the re-education with the B7 didn’t work; moreover, the RS5 now covers many of the customers that might have gone for another RS4 sedan. The powertrain, with a naturally aspirated 4.2-liter V-8 that sends up to 450 hp through a seven-speed dual-clutch automatic, is virtually identical to the RS5′s. The styling goes a step further—see the front fascia with its triangular air intakes. For more on this monster, check out our first drive.
Audi RS Q3 concept
Audi RS Q3 Concept (2012)
The RS concept may soon expand into high-riding-wagon territory. This is Audi’s idea of an RS Q3, previewed at the Beijing auto show this April. It is powered by a 360-hp variation of Audi’s 2.5-liter straight-five turbo; the front flaps, the three-dimensional pattern of the grille, and the glossy black details point to elements that will be seen on other future RS models. We drove a detuned version of this car in regular Q3 disguise last summer and can attest to its high potential. Look for a series-production model down the road.







































Call us:







Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615







or visit our dealership:




9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016














CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information


Wednesday, June 27, 2012

The Last Mazda Wankel Engine Has Been Built

Last Friday, June 22, 2012, the Wankel rotary engine's last remaining and steadfast devotee, Mazda, produced their final rotary engine in their Hiroshima plant. The Wankel engine never really fulfilled its promises and hopes, though over its history over 25 major automobile, motorcycle, tractor, and aircraft companies, ranging from Suzuki to Rolls-Royce, were actively researching, developing, and/or building the piston-less engine.
The Wankel motor is one of those things that, for all its issues, was just too pure and beautiful for engineers to ignore. With far fewer parts than a regular reciprocating piston engine and a visually elegant design, it's no wonder Mazda kept with it. For a given displacement, it produces far more power than a given piston engine, at a much smaller size and weight. It can rev faster and is inherently smooth, since the motive force is rotational from start to finish— not the back-and-forth hopping of a piston engine. The down side is that Wankels are always a bit more fuel-gluttonous than a piston engine, and almost always have dirtier exhaust. Poor fuel economy and more polluting are pretty much the only strikes you need against you in our modern age, so the mainstream Wankel is going away.
Felix Wankel was a gifted and largely self-taught engineer. The fundamental concept behind the rotary engine came to him quite early, as he is reported to have told friends at the age of 17 he would build a new kind of car with "a new type of engine, half turbine, half reciprocating. It is my invention!" I think I remember saying similar things at 17, but replace "turbine" and "reciprocating" with "boobs" and "magic".
The Last Mazda Wankel Engine Has Been Built
Wankel's past was checkered, with periods in Hitler Youth and the Nazi party, though he was forced out in 1932. After his first patent in 1929 for the engine, it wasn't until after WWII that development started in earnest, thanks to a development deal with NSU in 1951. In 1957, an NSU engineer built the first working Wankel motor without Wankel knowing, which caused him to comment "you have turned my race horse into a plow mare." Like a typical gearhead, I'm sure Wankel was imaging a powerful racing motor instead of the practical lump made by NSU.
The NSU Spider was the first production Wankel-engined car, in 1964. A pretty little rear-engined roadster, it was sort of like the VW Type III convertible that was never made, with its under-trunk-floor engine position and two luggage compartments. Later NSU created the legendary Ro80, a beautiful rotary-engined sedan that looked 20+ years ahead of its time. Sadly, the Wankel proved to be the achilles heel of the car, with issues with rotor-tip sealing causing some engines to fail as early as 30,000 miles.
Attempts from the Wankel's homeland were nothing compared with the engine's longest and greatest patron, Mazda. Starting with the lovely Cosmo back in 1967 (which had the first two-rotor Wankel) and ending this year with the advanced Renesis engine in the RX-8, Mazda has built cars (and trucks) with rotary engines for 45 years, and in that time managed to work out most of the major sealing and other issues.
The final version of Mazda's rotary, the Renesis, made 238 HP out of 1.3 liters— very impressive. Less impressive is its fuel consumption and emissions, the latter being the final, shiny coffin nail, as the engine failed to pass the Euro 5 emissions tests. Mazda did release a limited run of a hydrogen-based rotary engine, but future development seems unlikely.
It's not totally gone, though. The engine's just too elegant and simple to disappear entirely, and is finding strange and novel niches in which to survive. Like seat belts. The seat belt emergency pretensioner system in some Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen is actually a tiny Wankel motor driven by an explosive charge. I need to comb the junkyards and see if I can find one of those. Here's the patent on that.
Wankels may also stick around in certain niche markets, like for snowmobiles, since when they fail it's more gradual, and some power may still be generated, for a time. This is unlike piston engines, who may throw a rod and be done with it in a horrific moment of smoke and oil. For snowmobiles, this is a big deal, since breaking down can mean much more than an annoying afternoon. Much more as in lost noses and fingers to frostbite or determined wolves. UAVs are also experimenting with small Wankels, since their simplicity and durability are big advantages for robot aircraft.



So, the mainstream Wankel is finished. But before you pour that entire container of 5W-30 on your white shag rug to honor a fallen friend, save a little, as a token of hope for the Children of Felix, wherever they may end up.
(Sources: Wikipedia, Mazda)
   


































Call us:






Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615






or visit our dealership:



9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016













CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information
  

Tuesday, June 26, 2012

Audi A6 2.0T to get eight-speed auto and Quattro for 2013

2012 Audi A6 Quattro - front three-quarter view

Posted Jun 25th 2012 4:31PM



Not much gets written about the Audi A6, which is a shame because we have found it one of the most enjoyable models in German automaker's lineup to drive. A report in Car and Driver as to the future of the A6 2.0-liter turbo might not get the model much more press, but could get it more sales. The 211-horsepower four-cylinder has only been available with a CVT and front-wheel drive; now an eight-speed automatic and Quattro appear on the option sheet.

C/D says will be a surprisingly modest $2,200 premium to move up from the FWD model to the Quattro, with $45,295 needed for the 2.0's base Premium trim – but since the front-drive CVT model will continue to be offered, we're not sure if the eight-speed Tiptronic will be a cost option as well. Even if so, there should still be a healthy stack of Benjamins between it and its German competition, and the addition of Quattro isn't expected to knock it from the top spot in fuel economy among its luxury foes. The upspec'd A6 should appear in dealerships this August.
































Call us:





Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615





or visit our dealership:


9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016












CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information



Monday, June 25, 2012

VW, Porsche forge deeper production ties despite stalled merger



Reuters -- June 22, 2012 - 7:31 am ET



BERLIN -- Facing a drawn out battle to complete their long-planned integration, Volkswagen and Porsche will forge ahead with tighter manufacturing links that could deliver hundreds of millions of euros in annual savings.

Unresolved tax and legal issues since the companies pledged to merge almost three years ago shifted the focus to operational integration. Porsche will start building its revamped Boxster roadster at a VW factory in Osnabrueck, Germany, in September and add a new version of the hardtop Cayman to the plant next year -- the first Porsche models to be fully assembled at VW.

Porsche started sending engineers to Osnabrueck from its traditional Zuffenhausen base in Stuttgart last autumn to train staff at the mass-market manufacturer on how to assemble luxury vehicles. The sports-car maker is widely known for lean production techniques that companies including aviation group Deutsche Lufthansa and steelmaker ThyssenKrupp seek to emulate.

Production of Porsche models at the Osnabrueck facility will be restricted to vehicles that cannot be made at the Zuffenhausen plant for capacity reasons.

Surging demand for the overhauled 911, which shares an assembly line with the Boxster and Cayman, is causing bottlenecks at Porsche's main factory, where capacity is limited to between 35,000 and 40,000 vehicles a year, Porsche sales chief Bernhard Maier told Reuters.

"We're reaching the limits of our capacity," Maier said. "We need to expand."

For VW, whose brands include luxury division Audi, operational integration doesn't stop at handling overflow production of Boxster and Cayman models. The Wolfsburg-based car manufacturer already makes the bodies for the Cayenne SUV and Panamera sedan, Porsche's two best-selling vehicles, at its plants in Bratislava and Hanover.

The Cayenne is based on the same technology platform as the VW Touareg and the Audi Q7, while Porsche's next model, the Macan compact SUV -- to be sold starting in 2014 -- will share the same underbody as the Audi Q5.

"Joint production is part of VW's broader strategy to wring out more profit by sharing development, manufacturing and component costs across its multiple brands," said Christoph Stuermer, Frankfurt-based analyst at research firm IHS Automotive.

Manfred Titgemeyer, acting partner at Titgemeyer, an Osnabrueck-based company that makes fastening technology and body panels for companies including VW, said: "Porsche will be a boon to our business. The Boxster will be only the first of a number of new models here."

VW and Porsche agreed to merge in August 2009 after Porsche, which produces fewer cars in a year than VW does in a week, racked up more than 10 billion euros ($12.61 billion) of debt in a botched attempt to buy its larger competitor. VW then turned the tables, acquiring 49.9 percent of Porsche for 3.9 billion euros in December 2009.

Since the merger was dropped last year over pending legal risks from lawsuits by short sellers in the United States, relating to Porsche's attempted takeover, the companies have been seeking ways to avoid a tax bill as high as 1.5 billion euros, which would kick in if VW were to buy the second half of Porsche before August 2014.

A notification from regional tax authorities published this month suggests that VW would soon be able to complete the deal with zero costs thanks to a tax loophole. Critics are now urging the German government to scrap the tax break.

As Porsche keeps shouldering about 1.5 billion euros of debt, the car makers are eager to join forces as soon as possible because they are wasting around 700 million euros a year on idle synergies in purchasing and development, VW has said.

Osnabrueck, the second-smallest of VW's ten German plants and which currently builds the drop-top version of the best-selling Golf hatchback, faces booming demand for two-seater Porsche models.

However, building Porsche cars outside Porsche factories could be anathema to core customers, said Porsche's top labor representative Uwe Hueck, noting that the 911, the company's flagship model, will always stay in Zuffenhausen.

"We would have a problem if we were to change that," Hueck said. "You don't buy a diamond at (grocer discount chain) Aldi, and Zuffenhausen effectively is the jewellery store of Porsche."

VW's Audi division, the main challenger of BMW for the luxury-car crown, pools production of the three top-selling models A4, A6 and A3 at its two main Germany-based factories, said spokesman Joachim Cordshagen, stressing that Audi is able to adjust worker shifts rapidly if required. "Capacities always have their limits and flexibility is the name of the game," he said.

Meanwhile, VW supplier Bergmann, like Titgemeyer, expects higher orders to result from the VW-Porsche alliance. Bergmann, based in Meppen, 74km (46 miles) northwest of Osnabrueck, assembles engine parts for luxury auto makers.

"VW and Porsche offer tremendous business opportunities," said Hermann Jungsthoefel, the company's deputy managing director. "We can barely wait for them to complete their marriage."



























Call us:




Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615




or visit our dealership:


9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016











CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information

Friday, June 22, 2012

These car colors attract the most bird poop



bird poop on car


Posted Jun 21st 2012 6:01PM




A new study has revealed red cars attract more bird droppings than any other color. The research, conducted by online retailer Halfords, revealed red vehicles made up 18 percent of cars marked by birds, while blue followed along in second place at 14 percent. Green vehicles got off the easiest, making up just one percent of those in the study. The sample included 1,140 cars in Brighton, Glasgow, Leeds, Manchester and Bristol, though there's no indication as to the total number of each car color in the group.

The study also asked owners how quickly they removed bird droppings from their vehicle's paint. Only one in six said they took care of the problem immediately, while more than half waited until the next car wash. Halfords says leaving the strongly alkali substance on your vehicle's paint work can lead to costly repairs. The company estimates owners spend around $89.3 million per year in damaged paint. Read more details in the press release below.



Bright red cars attract more bird droppings than vehicles of any other colour, according research from Halfords.

A study recorded the frequency that birds left their mark on cars in five cities around the UK, and found crimson motors were targeted the most.

Green cars were found to suffer least, followed by silver, while white vehicles escaped more often than black in the analysis of 1,140 cars in Brighton, Glasgow, Leeds, Manchester and Bristol over two consecutive days, to see whether colour made a difference to birds.

During the study, drivers were also asked how quickly they removed droppings from their cars. Only 17 per cent, one in six, said they wiped off deposits immediately when they saw them, 20 per cent said they took action "within a couple of days" while 55 per cent waited until the next car wash. The remaining 8 per cent never washed their cars or left it to others to organise.

As well as being unsightly, insurance industry figures show bird droppings on vehicles can be an expensive problem and estimate the damage caused by bird-poop-stained paintwork costs motorists ?57m a year in unnecessary repairs.

Halfords car cleaning expert David Howells said: "This research does have a serious side because the problem annoys drivers, causes damaged paintwork and affects the value of vehicles. To protect your bodywork from damage, droppings should be carefully cleaned off as soon as possible."

Theories abound on motoring and social networking websites as to why birds are attracted to pooping on some cars more than others. A Lexus driver reckoned newly polished cars suffer because birds see a reflection of themselves. A Ford Focus owner agreed and said the darker the colour the deeper the reflection and the more violent the reaction. An Alfa Romeo owner said it depends where you park and a Mercedes driver said blue was the worst as it reminded birds of water.

Others thought birds saw red as a danger or birds went for similar colours to their own plumage, such as in seaside resorts seagulls went for white cars, while in cities pigeons go for grey.

The Halfords study found little difference between cities and the seaside in the colours that specific species of birds apparently aim for.

Researchers who compiled the results found 18 per cent of red cars were marked with droppings, blue 14 per cent, black 11 per cent, white 7 per cent, grey/silver 3 per cent, and green 1 per cent.

Leading car polish experts Autoglym said the damage to vehicle paintwork arose not from the acid or alkali in bird faeces, but from paint lacquer softening and expanding to form an uneven mould around the dropping which produced a dull patch. Grainier textures from seed eating birds produced the most blemishes, so pigeons are worse for motorists than seagulls.

Autoglym says that bird dropping damage can only be prevented by owners removing the poop as soon as possible.

The British Trust for Ornithology was more circumspect on the role of colour in the "drop zone" for birds. "We do know that birds can be attracted to certain colours during display but it [droppings on cars] is probably more to do with where you park; if you park where birds roost, then you are going to get more droppings on your vehicle," said a spokesman.

Notes to Editors:

Halfords study carried out in June 2012 on 1,140 cars in Brighton, Glasgow, Leeds, Manchester and Bristol.

Advice on removing bird deposits from vehicles

1. Remove at the earliest opportunity

2. A moist cloth should be used - Autoglym Bird Dropping Wipes are ideal - to gently lift the deposit from the vehicle surface.

3. If the deposit is dry or doesn't lift easily, place a moist cloth over it for ten minutes to soften the deposit

4. Dispose of any cloth or wipe used to remove bird droppings immediately and carefully wash your hands, as bird lime can harbour diseases
























































Call us:



Office : 305-823-5112
Toll Free : 877-828-7615



or visit our dealership:



9803 NW 80 Ave
Hialeah Gardens, FL 33016










CTC Sales offers near wholesale prices. The price listed is for "cash" sales does not include license, title, registration fees, state or local taxes or processing fees, if any. The listed details are to be used as an informational listing of available equipment on this vehicle. It is the sole responsibility of the customer to verify the existence of any option or accessories and the vehicle condition before time of sale. No express or implied warranties or representations of any type concerning this vehicle, including the availability or condition of the equipment listed is made. Financing subject to terms and conditions, Please contact dealer for additional information